• 31st October, 2012

The world of “Dys”

Nobody’s perfect, and sometimes this non-perfection crosses over into our language.

This week we are going to talk about a few language-related disorders and disabilities, and how they can affect us. Dyslexia, dysphonia, dyslalia and dysphemia all make up the world of “Dys”.
If all this sounds like double Dutch, don’t worry, follow this entry and we will guide you through it.


Dyslexia impairs a person’s fluency or comprehension accuracy in being able to read. It is characterised by a variety of learning difficulties such as: replacing or substituting one letter for another, muddling words together, incorrectly separating syllables etc.
In terms of schooling, students usually attend special needs schools where experts can guarantee a problem-free eductation. Socially, this disorder can lead to problems building relationships due to low self esteem.


Dysphonia is a disorder of the voice characterised by impaired ability to produce voice sounds using the vocal organs. Dysphonia can cause the voice to break up or to have a tight, strained, or strangled quality meaning people with this disorder become extremely exhausted by the impossible task of forcing their words out to communicate.


Dyslalia is  type of speech impairment in which sufferers have noticeable difficulties correctly pronouncing certain sounds and words in order to communicate. Some people with this disorder have minor problems with only one or two sounds, while others have trouble with talking in general.  Not normal a neurological disease, Dyslalia can be due to many things: hearing loss, age or the structure of the tongue and the ligaments which control it.


Dysphemia is most commonly known as stuttering; “a communication disorder in which the flow of speech is broken by repetitions, prolongations, or abnormal stoppages of sounds and syllables. There may also be unusual facial and body movements associated with the effort to speak. Stuttering is also referred to as stammering.” (Source)

I want everyone reading this who does not suffer from a speech disorder to remember that we take our voice for granted. We have the freedom to express ourselves however and whenever we choose. The voice is a powerful tool and we need to remember to support those around us who may have lost theirs.

We here at Lingualia are on hand 24/7 to offer you any support or feedback that you may require. We are here to listen to any suggestion or recommendation that you may have.
Remember, the English and Spanish Level Tests are still available here; you can like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter!

Posted in : Culture, Language Learning
Tags: , , , ,

Leave a Reply


7 + = fourteen